How Chiefs Became Kings: Divine Kingship and the Rise of Archaic States in Ancient Hawaiʻi
University of California Press
Patrick Vinton Kirch
Softcover, 288 pp.
How Chiefs Became Kings, Patrick Vinton Kirch addresses a central problem in anthropological archaeology: the emergence of archaic states whose distinctive feature was divine kingship. Kirch takes as his focus the Hawaiian archipelago, commonly regarded as the archetype of a complex chiefdom. Integrating anthropology, linguistics, archaeology, traditional history, and theory, and drawing on significant contributions from his own four decades of research, Kirch argues that Hawaiian polities had become states before the time of Captain Cook's voyage (1778-1779). The status of most archaic states is inferred from the archaeological record. But Kirch shows that because Hawaiʻi's kingdoms were established relatively recently, they could be observed and recorded by Cook and other European voyagers. Substantive and provocative, this book makes a major contribution to the literature of precontact Hawaiʻi and illuminates Hawaiʻi's importance in the global theory and literature about divine kingship, archaic states, and sociopolitical evolution.